Hitopadesha, lit. Beneficial Advice, is a Sanskrit text consisting of fables with both animal and human characters. It incorporates maxims, wisdom and advice on political affairs in simple, elegant language. It has been widely translated. The oldest manuscript found in Nepal is dated 14th century. Its content and style has been traced to the ancient Sanskrit treatises called 'Panchatantra'. Custodial history: Family inheritance. Extent and format of original material: Collection Level 17, Series Level: 16 files, File Level: 15 Vol of 47 folios, Item Level: Paper folios 47. Owner(s) of original material: Nuchhe Maya Ranjit.