Endangered Archives


EAP755: A modern gaze on old cultural practices in Argentina: relocation and preservation of the 'Heinrich Sanguinetti Archive' (1930-1956)

In Argentina, there is no organised and articulated policy regarding the conservation of photographic archives, either public or private ones. Many relevant visual archives are undergoing difficulties, if not total loss, because of the negligence of those responsible for their care. In this sense, the “Heinrich Sanguinetti Archive” is an example of an archive at risk - the physical conditions in which this archive stands (inappropriate storage, humidity and heat conditions, and the invisibility of this collection to the public) are factors that make it endangered.

This is an invaluable reservoir of more than 100,000 images, mostly unpublished, that in many cases reveal initial contacts and gazes over territories, species, human groups, and cultural practices of vast regions of the interior of this country developed by these photographers, most of them German that had emigrated to Argentina after the First World War or at the start of the Second World War. Within them, the “Annemarie Heinrich” archive holds more than 5,000 of her own photographs that show a pre-industrial culture regarding the images of native peoples of the region, in an action understood, by that time, as the registry of the traces of Argentine "ancestors", eg: her trips around Latin America, specifically Argentina, registering the human intervention on landscape (either Mapuche communities or the creole pre-industrial settlement), religious and cultural celebrations within Latin American indigenous and “mestizo” communities, etc. The photographic items include glass plates, celluloid negatives and vintage printed copies in diverse conservation conditions: fungal attacks, acid emanations, and cracked papers.

Surveying and organising the “Heinrich Sanguinetti Archive”, and the cataloguing, digitising and research of the “Annemarie Heinrich Archive”, will contribute to our knowledge on the way these photographers who worked in Latin America in the 1930’s and 1950’s created a visual repertoire by focusing on pre-industrial issues such as anthropological, ethnographic, botanic, and geographic records. The presence of a technical and material magazine and newspaper archive these repositories also hold will definitely help in this aim. A specialised team of young professionals will be created, who will be trained in photographic scanning and conservation work.

All this work will contribute to opening this important reservoir to the public and to developing future research and new boundaries of knowledge. The access to a digital version of this huge group of images through such a relevant repository as the British Library in London will definitely multiply the possibility of its circulation throughout the world and allow new visions on other cultural horizons.


EAP755/1: Annemarie Heinrich Photograph Collection

"This collection is composed by 4310 negatives but 191 negatives are missing, so there is information about 4119 negatives in this database. The collection contains two series. A series of 4282 6x6 triacetate negatives and another series of 28 9x12 triacetate negatives. Together they have been organized in 181 files. Gaps in references indicate missing negative images in the collection and only 2878 of the images have been digitised for the EAP project. Most of the photographs belong to a collection that is a result of the outdoors activity carried out by photographer A. Heinrich, who took her camera everywhere she went. Photographs show most of the trips she took between 1930s and 1950s. She tavelled in Argentina, Latin America and Europe during these years. The photographs she took in Europe have been included although not all of them provide pre-modern views. The reason for this lays in the ethnographic value of this stark contrast that can be observed through the eyes of this immigrant photographer who came to Argentina at a young age and returned to Europe as a tourist. The collection includes a variety of images of landscapes, rural life, city scenes, people and cultural habits, and abstractions. A. Heinrich treasured these photographs but barely exhibited them since she considered the public was more interested in her showbusiness portfolio. "

EAP755/1/1: Negatives (6x6)

EAP755/1/1/29: Horses

Extent: 28 Tif images
Level: File
Scope and Content:

28 6x6 triacetate negatives taken by Annemarie that contain images of horses in rural scenes.

Owner Estudio Heinrich Sanguinetti, 1930-
Creator Annemarie Heinrich, 1912-2005
Language(s) Not applicable
Script(s) Not applicable
Legal & Ethical Usage Policy CC BY NC