Endangered Archives

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EAP571: Digital preservation of newspapers of the first half of the twentieth century in Nicaragua

This project aims to digitise a collection of Nicaraguan newspapers dating from the first half of the twentieth century and held in the collections of the Institute of History of Nicaragua and Central America. Digitisation will ensure the preservation of newspapers that are part of the documentary heritage of the country. The condition of the collections is critical and there is a great risk of losing the newspapers if no action is taken.

The project aims to digitise approximately 26,000 pages, of the following newspapers:
El Comercio 1903-1916 and 1918-1919
La Noticia 1916-1917 and 1937-1940
El Diario Nicaragüense 1910-1916
La Tribuna 1917-1925 and 1928
La Prensa 1936-1940
El Liberal 1935-1936

This collection of newspapers represents a primary source for research and analysis of turbulent periods in the national and regional history of Nicaragua. They contain details of the conflicts and political debates, as well as cultural and economic transformations as a result of liberal reforms in Central America. Precious information about the agroexport model (coffee production) and the nation state building process are also to be found. These newspapers are unique sources to study the US military intervention, and the dispute with Great Britain over the Nicaraguan Caribbean Coast.

The collection covers decisive periods in the history of Nicaragua, including the US military intervention (1909-1933) and its impact on the formation of a strong political and economic elite, which constituted the modern national state. It also documents the struggle led by Augusto C. Sandino (1926-1934) and the emergence of the Somoza dictatorship (1934-1940). Due to the destruction of archives and other historical documents because of natural disasters (Managua’s earthquake in 1972) this collection stands as a unique source for studying the first half of the twentieth century in Nicaragua.

The collection is located on wooden shelves. Most are bound and have varying degrees of deterioration. The main damage is deterioration of pages due to physical handling, general deterioration due to the acidity of the paper, insect attacks and moths, poor storage conditions, water damage, moisture and dust. Only those newspapers in a suitable condition will be selected for digitisation. In the rainy season of May to October, it is difficult to control the humidity which increases to 70%, resulting in mould growth.

As a result of this project, the original newspapers will be guaranteed through digital and online copies. Digital copies will be sent to national institutions that have information centres: Institute of History of Nicaragua and Central University Library, Central Bank of Nicaragua, Central Library of the UCA, and La Prensa. A copy will be sent to the British Library.

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EAP571/2: El Diario Nicaragüense

"Description: In 1884 Anselmo H. Rivas and Rigoberto Cabezas founded ""Diario de Nicaragua"", the first daily newspaper in the country. Since July 1884, after the partnership between Rivas and Cabezas dissolved, Rivas continued to publish the newspaper under the name ""El Diario Nicaragüense"". It was Nicaragua's most prestigious and longest running newspaper until the mid 20th Century. After the death of Anselmo H. Rivas, the newspaper was edited by his son, Anselmo Rivas G., and later by Pedro Joaquín Cuadra Chamarro. The newspaper followed a conservative political ideology. The last issue of this newspaper was published in 1956. Extent of original material: 2 series."

EAP571/2/2: "El Diario Nicaragüense, 7 Dec 1912 - 26 May 1916Diario de Nicaragua, 7 Mar 1913 - 15 Mar 1913"

Extent: 446 TIFF images
Level: File
Scope and Content: "Description: One hardcover binding containing 112 issues of the newspaper “El Diario Nicaragüense” and 2 issues of the newspaper “Diario de Nicaragua” Issue numbers: Issues 2991, 2993, 2996, 2999 to 3001, 3010 to 3012, 3014 to 3034, 3036 to 3043, 3045 to 3047, 3050, 3055, 3056, 3058 of El Diario Nicaragüense; issues 1766 and 1772 of Diaro de Nicaragua; and issues 3089 to 3093, 3100 to 3103, 3105, 3106, 3108 to 3124, 3334 to 3337, 3339 to 3343, 3345 to 3359, 3367 to 3371, 3741, 3758, 3759, 3763, 3767 of El Diario Nicaragüense. Extent of original: 114 files."
Owner Instituto de Historia de Nicaragua y Centroamérica – Universidad Centroamericana (IHNCA-UCA),
Editor Anselmo Hilario Rivas,
Editor Anselmo Rivas G,
Language(s) Spanish
Script(s) Latin
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